# Simplex

From Knowino

A **simplex** is a mathematical object, analogous to a triangle. Every simplex has a dimension, which is a nonnegative integer; an n-simplex means a simplex of dimension n.

- A 0-simplex is just a point.
- A 1-simplex is an interval or line segment.
- A 2-simplex is a filled-in triangle.
- A 3-simplex is a solid tetrahedron.
- The standard n-simplex is the set Δ
_{n}of points for which the sum of coordinates is equal to 1. For example, the standard 2-simplex is the shape of the corner of a cube if it is sliced off at an angle to produce a solid with three similar triangular faces (parts of the sides of the cube) and one larger, equilateral triangular face.

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